How to Tell Someone They Don’t Know What They’re Talking About

Have you ever found yourself in a conversation where the other person is confidently speaking about a topic, but you can tell they are misinformed or completely off base?

It can be a delicate situation to handle. You want to correct the person without coming across as rude, condescending, or dismissive.

In this article, we will explore some tips and techniques to tactfully tell someone they don’t know what they’re talking about, while still maintaining a positive and respectful atmosphere.

(And, if it’s your thing, here are some quotes on fools and dealing with them.)

Start with empathy

Before you address the situation, put yourself in the other person’s shoes.

Understand that they might not be aware that they’re misinformed or mistaken.

Try to be patient and sensitive, as it can be difficult for anyone to realize they’re wrong, especially in a public setting.

Ask open-ended questions

One of the best ways to correct someone is by asking open-ended questions that can help them see the gaps in their understanding.

This approach allows the other person to realize the error on their own, which can lead to a more constructive and less confrontational conversation.

For example, if someone is sharing incorrect information about a historical event, ask questions like, “What sources have you read on that?” or “Can you elaborate on how you arrived at that conclusion?”

Offer alternative perspectives

When addressing someone’s misconceptions, provide alternative viewpoints or facts to help them better understand the topic.

Be sure to do so in a polite and respectful manner, using phrases like, “I understand why you might think that, but have you considered…?” or “That’s an interesting perspective, but I’ve read something different that might be worth exploring.”

Use “I” statements

When expressing your opinion or sharing your knowledge, use “I” statements to avoid sounding accusatory or confrontational.

Instead of saying, “You’re wrong about that,” try something like, “I believe there’s a different perspective on this issue,” or “I’ve read some research that suggests otherwise.”

Share your own experience

Sometimes, sharing your personal experience or knowledge can help clarify the situation without making the other person feel attacked.

For example, if someone is misinformed about a particular medical condition, you can say, “I had a similar experience, and this is what I learned from my doctor.”

Offer to follow up with resources

If someone is misinformed or under-informed, offer to share resources that could help them better understand the topic.

This approach not only helps the person expand their knowledge, but it also shows that you’re genuinely interested in helping them learn.

Choose the right time and place

If possible, try to address the issue in a private or one-on-one setting, rather than in front of a group.

This can minimize embarrassment and make the conversation more constructive.

Additionally, avoid trying to correct someone when they’re emotional or defensive, as it’s unlikely that they’ll be receptive to new information in that state.


Telling someone they don’t know what they’re talking about can be a challenging task, but it’s essential to approach the situation with tact, empathy, and respect.

By using the techniques outlined in this article, you can gently guide the person toward a more accurate understanding of the topic while maintaining a positive and productive relationship.

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